The use of electric power in vehicles today, not only in small vehicles, but has penetrated into large cars, for example in trucks. Companies are competing to create efficient and multipurpose trucks. And here are some electric trucks that are already in use and which are still in the prototype stage.
American automaker Nikola Motor presented this year’s Nikola One electric truck prototype. The electric truck looks totally unconventional, and its name, which overlaps with the famous Tesla Motors, is thought-provoking. But for now, the carmaker has already received 7,000 pre-orders out of a total of more than $ 2 billion.
The current electric truck will debut in December this year
A completely eco-friendly truck can cover up to 1,932 kilometers on a single charge. The truck will be able to achieve this result thanks to a powered battery with a capacity of 320 kWh and a special hydrogen-electric installation, which can significantly increase the power reserve.
The scale is good, but due to a lack of adequate infrastructure (hydrogen cells are not easily available), the truck is unlikely to sell well outside North America. Hydrogen fuel cells convert chemical energy from the fuel (hydrogen) to electricity, bypassing an ineffective combustion process at a great cost. This electrochemical device directly generates electricity as a result of the highly efficient combustion of “cold” fuel.
However, Nikola Motor said that they would produce hydrogen independently in a specially equipped solar power plant. Each of these farms will generate up to 100 MW of power and hydrogen production will be based on the electrolysis method.
The Swedes have entered the electric car race. Following Tesla Motors with its Semi-tractors, Volvo Trucks has launched an electric version of the Volvo FL multi-ton truck. Now the tractor is being tested in the city of Gothenburg, Sweden.
The truck weighs 16 tons. There are no significant external differences with the Volvo FL “fuel model”. The only difference is that the developer hides the battery pack behind a closed fake sidewall panel – depending on the version, they are there from two to six pieces with a total capacity of 100 to 300 kWh. This battery drives an electric motor, which can produce 130 or 185 kW depending on the gear selected (and there are two of them here).
The tractor can recharge in just 1-2 hours when connected to a 150 kilowatt DC accelerated charging station. Recharging from conventional variable networks will take longer – about 10 hours.
As for other technical indicators, the Volvo FL Electric is able to cover a distance of up to 300 kilometers on a single charge. Only one thing is unclear – full or empty the tractor is capable of covering such a distance. Its carrying capacity is also unknown.
Thor ET One
A team of enthusiasts from California presented their electric truck named in honor of the Scandinavian god of lightning – “Thor”, and journalists have nicknamed it “Freight Frankenstein” for its bizarre appearance.
The name of the car was deliberately chosen rough and characterized. It’s kind of an app for serious competition. And California fans, no less, are rocking themselves on the Tesla Semi electric truck that Elon Musk recently announced.
Thor’s statistics are not weak at the first copy assembled in an industrial hangar. But when the initiative group leader was reminded that Musk’s tractors could go to the first hundred in just five seconds. That means it will take longer to accelerate, of course. But what about this reason? Actually it’s hard to argue with.
The developers of “Thor” actually put together, as they say, “in parts.” So the frame for the heavy truck was supplied from another International series tractor, the bridge from the Fund. This electric motor has a power output of 260 kW / hour with a torque of 1,630 Nm.
The makers promised that in a single refill, the Thor would be able to cover up to 480 kilometers at a full load of 36 tonnes, although trials of the tractor took place in a lighter version – with a load of only 27 tonnes. But this is already a problem – in contrast to the overclocking indicator.
Thor will cost at least $ 250,000. But this is a defeat – because the price of the weakest Tesla Semi model with power reserves like Thor (480 kilometers) is less than 100,000 – 150 thousand dollars. Semi also has a more “long haul” option, already designed to cover 800 kilometers without being connected to the network, but cheaper than Thor – about $ 180,000.
It’s not clear what Thor will take for its customers, but the developers have already shared their plans in the near future – they intend to release a lighter delivery truck with 140 kilometers of power reserve. Information about this concept has not been announced officially.
Tesla Motors has taken benchmarks in the inter-regional transportation market. The company presents a large Tesla Semi electric truck. The truck is capable of covering a distance of up to 480 kilometers on a single load, which is sufficient for any commercial organization involved in transporting goods within the territory.
Elon Musk has made an ambitious statement to release a more powerful electric truck that will compete with traditional long-range ICE-powered trucks capable of traveling up to 1.5,000 kilometers at a single gas station.
However, electric trucks are still far from this indicator. The Tesla Semi is in the lowest niche of “long distance” transport with a power reserve of less than 500 kilometers. In addition, the truck will be equipped with a simplified cabin. This shows that the truck is not designed for true long-distance transportation. After all, for long-range fighters, there was usually a bed that Semi didn’t have.
Elon Musk’s company is about to demonstrate unmanned truck action. The electric truck will be tested in California and Nevada. Two types of unmanned trucks will participate. It is planned to carry out several checks – and during one of them, the driver will not be placed behind the wheel of the truck at all. The only thing left is to get permission to do a test drive. The company is currently in talks with the road transport department of the selected state for testing.
The mileage of the electric truck depends on the load and driving mode. And thanks to a powerful electric motor, the Nikola One can reach speeds of up to 105 kilometers per hour. The truck’s on-board system can control each wheel separately, which has a positive effect on the maneuverability of the truck.
Eiride, a Swedish start-up, has created and presented a working prototype of the T-pod autonomous electric truck to the public. The T-pod is slated to replace the city truck.
Apart from autonomous control, the T-pod also has a remote control system. A 200 kilowatt-hour battery will provide mileage on a single charge of 200 kilometers. Yes, you noticed – it hurts the eyes. Usually 200 kilometers is reached with a much smaller battery. However, this is a truck – more energy will be consumed to move the weight.
The futuristic design immediately took into account that the T-pod was self-steering, meaning the truck didn’t need a cabin. So as a result there was no room for people at all in the T-pod electric truck. Free space is used for better distribution of transported goods.
The 40 ton electric truck was manufactured by Terberg from Germany. Terberg YT202-EV makes eight trips every day from the BMW factory in Munich to the logistics center SCHERM and vice versa. It carries a variety of auto parts: springs, shock absorbers, steering system and much more.
A 3-4 hour charge is enough for the YT202-EV to cover 100 kilometers. In addition, it is filled with electricity from renewable sources. Due to the short route, it is only charged once a day. An ICE-powered truck like the Terberg YT202-EV will emit 12 tonnes of CO 2 per year.
In 2015, BMW was the first in Europe to use an electric 40-tonne truck to transport goods on public roads. The main characteristics of this truck are environmental friendliness and quiet operation.
The Mercedes-Benz company demonstrated its new invention – an electric truck capable of traveling about two hundred kilometers without recharging. Its novelty code name is Urban eTruck. First viewers can see it at a special commercial vehicle exhibition in Hanover, Germany.
The truck has two engines with a capacity of about 340 horsepower. The rear axle is driven by a separate motor driven by a lithium-ion battery. The electric truck is controlled by an intelligent system.
There are three operating modes in total: auto, agile, eco. In the first case, the automation itself determines the load consumption, in the second, it squeezes the highest possible power and speed from the engine, and in the third keeps the level of load consumption at the lowest possible level.
A system for monitoring cargo weight and planned transport distance allows you to calculate how long the battery capacity will last and notifies the driver in advance of the need to recharge.
Like other EV models, this truck has a dashboard camera instead of a rearview mirror. In addition, there is a tablet on the front panel that shows the current status of the truck parts. Such a system allows you to detect damage without leaving the driver’s cabin.